Overview of Notices to Vacate

Overview of NTVs

The table below provides an overview of the different reasons that NTVs can be given, the minimum notice period and relevant ways in which you may be able to argue that NTV is invalid or of no effect. It also sets out in relation to which NTVs a warrant can be postponed.

Reason for NTV Section  Minimum notice period  Documentary evidence required with NTV?  Specific provisions related to challenges to NTV  Circumstances where NTV to have no effect2 Postponement of warrant?3 
Renter-fault reasons 
Serious damage to the property  s 91ZI  Immediate  No  Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZU  No 
Endangers the safety of neighbours, RRP, agent or their contractors or employees  s 91ZJ  Immediate  No  Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZU  No 
Seriously threatened or intimidated neighbours, RRP, agent or their contractors or employees  s 91ZK  14 days  No  Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZU  NTV to have no effect if it is given in response to the exercise, or proposed exercise by the renter of a right under the RTA.  No 
Non-payment of rent (see section above for further detail)  s 91ZM  14 days  No  No   No 
Failure to pay bond  s 91ZN  14 days  No  No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
Failure to comply with Tribunal order  s 91ZO  14 days  No  Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZU  Yes – by up to 30 days 
Successive breaches  s 91ZP  14 days  No  Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZU  Yes – by up to 30 days 
Illegal use  s 91ZQ  14 days  No  Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZU  Yes – by up to 30 days 
For Director of Housing premises only – drug use, cultivation or trafficking  s 91ZR  14 days  No  Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZU  Yes – by up to 30 days 
For Director of Housing premises only – committing a prescribed indictable offence  s 91ZS  14 days  No  No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
Permitting child to reside in premises  s 91ZT  14 days  No  No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
For public housing only – false or misleading statement regarding eligibility  s 91ZU  14 days  No  No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
Assigned or sublet without consent  s 91ZV  14 days  No  No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
For public housing only – no longer meets eligibility criteria  s 91ZZE  90 days  No  No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
For Director of Housing premises only – premises transitional only and unreasonable refusal of alternative accommodation  s 91ZZF  30 days  No  No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
Failure to comply with a VCAT pet exclusion order  s 91ZZG  28 days  No  No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
Renter non-fault reasons 
Premises are unfit for human habitation or totally destroyed  s 91ZL  Immediate  No  No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
RRP’s principal place of residence – resumption of occupancy (fixed term RRA)  s 91ZW  14 days  Both of the following: 

  • Rental agreement; and 
  • Statutory declaration by the RRP confirming date they intend to resume occupancy. 
No  Yes – by up to 30 days 
Premises to be repaired, reconstructed or renovated  s 91ZX  60 days  Both of the following: 

  • Photographic proof that repairs are required; and 
  • Contract or quote from a qualified tradesman. 
  • Or the following: 
  • Building permit for the required repairs or renovations. 
Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZS  NTV to have no effect if: 

  • The NTV specifies a termination date earlier than the end of the fixed term RRA – see s 91ZZI(1) for further detail. 
  • Giving notice would constitute direct discrimination under Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic)  
Yes – by up to 30 days 
Premises to be demolished  s 91ZY  60 days  Both of the following: 

  • Planning permit for demolition; and 
  • Contract with qualified builder-demolisher, stating date of demolition. 
Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZS  NTV to have no effect if: 

  • The NTV specifies a termination date earlier than the end of the fixed term RRA – see s 91ZZI(1) for further detail. 
  • Giving notice would constitute direct discrimination under Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) 
Yes – by up to 30 days 
Premises to be used for business  s 91ZZ  60 days 
  • Statutory declaration of intention to use premises for business purposes; and 
  • And one or more of an ABN or business registration/license or council planning permit.  
Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZS  NTV to have no effect if: 

  • The NTV specifies a termination date earlier than the end of the fixed term RRA – see s 91ZZI(1) for further detail. 
  • Giving notice would constitute direct discrimination under Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) 
Yes – by up to 30 days 
RRP or family/dependents moving back in  s 91ZZA  60 days  Statutory declaration by the RRP stating either: 

  • They intend to reside in the premises; or 
  • The name of the person who will occupy the premises, their relationship to the RRP and a declaration whether the person is a dependant; and 
  • That the RRP understands they must not re-let the premises to any person for 6 months.5 
Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZS  NTV to have no effect if: 

  • The NTV specifies a termination date earlier than the end of the fixed term RRA – see s 91ZZI(1) for further detail. 
  • Giving notice would constitute direct discrimination under Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) 
Yes – by up to 30 days 
Premises to be sold  s 91ZZB  60 days  One of the following: 

  • Fully executed Contract of sale; or 
  • Contract of engagement/authority to sell with a licensed estate agent; or 
  • Preparation of a contract of sale prepared by conveyancer or lawyer. 
Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZS  NTV to have no effect if: 

  • The NTV specifies a termination date earlier than the end of the fixed term RRA – see s 91ZZI(1) for further detail. 
  • Giving notice would constitute direct discrimination under Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) 
Yes – by up to 30 days 
Premises to be compulsorily acquired  s 91ZZC  60 days  One of the following: 

  • Provision of acquisition details (public information) or 
  • Compulsory letter of acquisition from the government. 
Pre-emptive challenge or challenge at possession order hearing available under s 91ZZS  NTV to have no effect if: 

  • The NTV specifies a termination date earlier than the end of the fixed term RRA – see s 91ZZI(1) for further detail. 
  • Giving notice would constitute direct discrimination under Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) 
Yes – by up to 30 days 
End of fixed term of not more than 5 years  s 91ZZD  60 or 90 days (depending on length of RRA)  No  No  NTV to have no effect if: 

  • The NTV specifies a termination date earlier than the end of the fixed term RRA – see s 91ZZI(1) for further detail. 
  • Giving notice would constitute direct discrimination under Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) 
  • It is given in response to the exercise or proposed exercise of a right under the RTA 
  • The renter making a report under s 72AA of the RTA 
Yes – by up to 30 days 
End of fixed term of more than 5 years  s 91ZZDA  60 or 90 days (depending on length of RRA)  No  No  NTV to have no effect if: 

  • The NTV specifies a termination date earlier than the end of the fixed term RRA – see s 91ZZI(1) for further detail. 
  • Giving notice would constitute direct discrimination under Equal Opportunity Act 2010 (Vic) 
  • It is given in response to the exercise or proposed exercise of a right under the RTA 
  • The renter making a report under s 72AA of the RTA 
Yes – by up to 30 days 

1  Please see s 91ZZO of the RTA and Victorian Government Gazette, No. S 142, 25 March 2021.
2  Please see s 91ZZI of the RTA.
3  Please see s 352 of the RTA.

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